Solar System Discovery Revealed: Importance of Action for Humanity
September 22, 2012 in Science
“Gravity explains the motions of the planets, but it cannot explain who set the planets in motion. God governs all things and knows all that is or can be done.” -Sir Isaac Newton
At least two earths have passed with at least eight more to be. This planet has never been the only center of life in God’s Universe.
Warning – Do not allow corruption to overrun
Jupiter Conceives Earth: The 7Proto-Earth Cycle
Mercury and Venus were each once long ago Earths. Mars and the six largest moons of the gas giants are individually proto-earths. These ten certain astrological bodies shift in an ongoing cycle around every 567 million years. As one shifts it will eventually be replaced by the next. This formation process begins inside of Jupiter, within the “Great Red Spot” an embryonic earth is undergoing formation and will become the next Io. Current Io will become the next Europa. Current Europa will become the next Ganymede. Current Ganymede will become the next Callisto. Current Callisto will become the next Titan orbiting Saturn. Current Titan will become the next Triton orbiting Neptune. Current Triton will become the next Mars. Current Mars will become the next Earth. On the Day of the Lord, planet Earth will pass and become the next Venus. Current Venus will become the next Mercury. Current Mercury will ultimately fall into the Sun. Yahweh controls this entire process, have good faith.
The Coming of the Son of Man
“There will be strange things happening to the sun, the moon, and the stars. On earth whole countries will be in despair, afraid of the roar of the sea and the raging tides. People will faint from fear as they wait for what is coming over the whole earth, for the powers in space will be driven from their courses. Then the Son of Man will appear, coming in a cloud with great power and glory. When these things begin to happen, stand up and raise your heads, because your salvation is near.”
The Promise of the Lord’s Coming
“My dear friends, this is now the second letter I have written you. In both letters I have tried to arouse pure thoughts in your minds by reminding you of these things. I want you to remember the words that were spoken long ago by the holy prophets, and the command from the Lord and Savior which was given you by your apostles. First of all, you must understand that in the last days some people will appear whose lives are controlled by their own lusts. They will make fun of you and will ask, “He promised to come, didn’t he? Where is he? Our fathers have already died, but everything is still the same as it was since the creation of the world!” They purposely ignore the fact that long ago God gave a command, and the heavens and earth were created. The earth was formed out of water and by water, and it was also by water, the water of the flood, that the old world was destroyed. But the heavens and the earth that now exist are being preserved by the same command of God, in order to be destroyed by fire. They are being kept for the day when godless people will be judged and destroyed.
But do not forget one thing, my dear friends! There is no difference in the Lord’s sight between one day and a thousand years; to him the two are the same. The Lord is not slow to do what he has promised, as some think. Instead, he is patient with you, because he does not want anyone to be destroyed, but wants all to turn away from their sins.
But the Day of the Lord will come like a thief. On that Day the heavens will disappear with a shrill noise, the heavenly bodies will burn up and be destroyed, and the earth with everything in it will be burned up. Since all these things will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people should you be? Your lives should be holy and dedicated to God, as you wait for the Day of God and do your best to make it come soon—the Day when the heavens will burn up and be destroyed, and the heavenly bodies will be melted by the heat. But we wait for what God has promised: new heavens and a new earth, where righteousness will be at home.
And so, my friends, as you wait for that Day, do your best to be pure and faultless in God’s sight and to be at peace with him. Look on our Lord’s patience as the opportunity he is giving you to be saved, just as our dear brother Paul wrote to you, using the wisdom that God gave him. This is what he says in all his letters when he writes on the subject. There are some difficult things in his letters which ignorant and unstable people explain falsely, as they do with other passages of the Scriptures. So they bring on their own destruction.
But you, my friends, already know this. Be on your guard, then, so that you will not be led away by the errors of lawless people and fall from your safe position. But continue to grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory, now and forever! Amen.”
2 Peter 3
(Bible verses from Good News Bible: Today’s English Version)
4.5 Great Red Spot
Current Age of Astrological Objects:
0.5 Great Red Spot
[- = condense] [+ = expand] [x = multiply by previous diameter]
Great Red Spot is currently condensing, once it is pushed out of the Jovian atmosphere it will begin to expand again: Io -1.18x Europa +1.7x Ganymede -1.09x Callisto +1.07x Titan -1.9x Triton +2.5x Mars +1.87x Earth -1.05x Venus -2.48x Mercury
“Mars has a diameter about as wide as the continent of Africa. Its overall size, or surface area, is about eight times less than Earth’s, but it has the same amount of dry land.”
Mars is Pangaea
“Growing Earth-Growing Universe” Neal Adams
“The largest of the volcanoes in the Tharsis Montes region, as well as all known volcanoes in the solar system, is Olympus Mons. Olympus Mons is a shield volcano 624 km (374 mi) in diameter (approximately the same size as the state of Arizona), 25 km (16 mi) high, and is rimmed by a 6 km (4 mi) high scarp. A caldera 80 km (50 mi) wide is located at the summit of Olympus Mons. To compare, the largest volcano on Earth is Mauna Loa. Mauna Loa is a shield volcano 10 km (6.3 mi) high and 120 km (75 mi) across. The volume of Olympus Mons is about 100 times larger than that of Mauna Loa.”
“Many scientists consider Mars to be volcanically active, even if we have not observed an eruption. Basalt meteorites from Mars indicate that volcanism has occurred in the last 180 million years. Very few impact craters occur on the lava flows of Olympus Mons, suggesting that this volcano has probably erupted in the last few million years.”
“It’s not clear yet why the storm is shrinking, but after 300 years of hanging in there, the spot is in no danger of disappearing anytime soon, Asay-Davis said. It continues to kick up winds that routinely exceed 300 mph.
“We find that the Red Spot has been shrinking but not slowing down,” Asay-Davis told SPACE.com.
There is a balance of energy flowing in and out of the storm, either as it mixes with the surrounding atmosphere, consumes smaller storms, or when energy is radiated into space, he explained.”
“Io, the innermost large satellite of Jupiter, has the highest rate of volcanic activity of any body in the solar system. Europa and Ganymede have been largely resurfaced by mechanisms that probably involved flooding of the surface by water. A preliminary evaluation of the rate of cratering by comet impact suggests that the entire surface of Io may be no older than a million years and that the surface of Europa is less than 100 million years old.”
“The combined effects of satellite expansion, its associated tensile stress, rapid formation of near surface partial melt, and tidal stress due to an eccentric orbit may be responsible for creating Ganymede’s unique surface features.”
More on Ganymede from Neal Adams
“Callisto is more heavily cratered than even the oldest terrain on Ganymede, and the surface of Callisto probably records a longer geologic history than that of Ganymede.”
(Source – The Compact NASA Atlas of the Solar System by Ronald Greeley and Raymond Batson)
“Saturn’s moon Titan ripples with mountains, and scientists have been trying to figure out how they form. The best explanation, it turns out, is that Titan is shrinking as it cools, wrinkling up the moon’s surface like a raisin.”
“The estimated cratering rate on Triton by ecliptic comets is used to put an upper limit of ∼50 Myr on the age of the more heavily cratered terrains, and of ∼6 Myr for the Neptune-facing cantaloupe terrain. If the vast majority of cratering is by planetocentric debris, as we propose, then the surface everywhere is probably less than 10 Myr old. Although the uncertainty in these cratering ages is at least a factor ten, it seems likely that Triton’s is among the youngest surfaces in the Solar System”
Proof Mars has expanded – Neal Adams
“Europe’s Venus Express orbiter suggests that some of the planet’s surface is made of granite, which on Earth needs water and plate tectonics to form”
“Mercury’s tectonic history is unlike that of any other terrestrial planet. On the surface of Mercury, the most prominent features produced by tectonic forces are long, rounded, lobate scarps or cliffs, some over a kilometer in height and hundreds of kilometers in length. These giant scarps are believed to have formed as Mercury cooled and the entire planet contracted on a global scale.”
567 Million Year Cycle:
[7 proto-earths + Earth = 8] Age of Earth 4.54 billion years / 8 = 567.5 million years (roughly estimated)
“From about 570 to 530 million years ago, an evolutionary burst of life forms occurred, often referred to as the “Cambrian Explosion.” This marks an important point in the history of life on earth, as most of the major lineages of animals got their starts during the Cambrian Period and have been evolving ever since. If we wound the clock back a little more than half a billion years to the Cambrian, we would find that life then was different from life today:
-All life was aquatic.
-Most life was relatively small.
-Many animals had unusual body layouts.”
“On all of Venus there are about 1000 craters, an unusually small number. The crater statistics tell us that although the planet is 4.6 billion years old, nothing on its surface is older than roughly 0.5 billion years. Almost all of Venus’s history is a blank slate.
It looks as if half a billion years ago, all of Venus’s surface was replaced.”
“[...]the nominal age of the surface of Venus is about 600 Ma, although the uncertainty is about a factor of two. The chief difference between our estimate and earlier, somewhat younger estimates is that we find that the venusian atmosphere is less permeable to impacting bodies than supposed by earlier studies. An older surface increases the likelihood that Venus is dead.”
“The mechanisms by which orbital resonance locks are maintained among Io, Europa and Ganymede are analyzed, and the effects of the dissipative tides in Jupiter and Io on their establishment and evolution are considered. According to the proposed model, initially all three satellites are in orbits far from the 2:1 commensurabilities or the three body lock. The tide raised on Io damps down the free eccentricity; only modest tidal heating occurs. Subsequently the dissipative tide raised on Jupiter by Io causes Io’s orbit to spiral outwards; Io approaches the 2:1 commensurability with Europa. Io’s forced eccentricity increases rapidly to a critical value, and thereafter the resonant interaction causes Europa’s orbit to expand at half that of Io’s orbit. A fluid core is probably formed as the result of tidal heating. Finally Europa approaches the 2:1 commensurability, angular momentum is transferred from Europa’s orbit to Ganymede’s, and a steady state is attained. On the basis of the observed three-body resonance amplitude (0.066 deg), it is concluded that three-body resonance may have formed less than 500 million years ago”
“These regularities indicate to us that supercontinents are created in a cyclic process, in which one complete cycle takes about 500 million years.”
“The supercontinent cycle describes the quasi-periodic aggregation and dispersal of Earth’s continental crust. There are varying opinions as to whether the amount of continental crust is increasing, decreasing, or staying about the same, but it is agreed that the Earth’s crust is constantly being reconfigured.”
Stable crust in place by 4.4 (Beginning of Io)
Began 3.6 (Europa) —-Expand—–> Completed 3.1 (Ganymede) —-Condense—–> Broke up 2.5 (Callisto to Titan) Expands
Began 2.7 [Core origin 3.1] (Ganymede to Callisto) —-Condense—–> Broke up 2.48 to 2.1 (Callisto to Titan) Expands
Began 2.1 (Titan) —-Condense—–> Completed 1.8 (Titan to Triton) ——-> Broke up 1.5 (Neptune Triton to Uranus Triton) Expands
Began 2 (Titan) —-Condense—–> Completed 1.1 (Uranus Triton) ——> Broke up 750mya (Triton to Mars) Expands
Began 750mya (Triton to Mars) —-Expand—–> Completed 600mya (Mars) —-Expand—–> Broke up 540mya (Mars to Earth) Expands
—-Condense—–> Completed 300mya (Mars/Earth) —-Expand—–> Broke up 200mya (Earth) —-Sea Floor Spreads—–> Present Earth
The Titan Connection:
“Our solar system has at least 170 moons orbiting the main planets. Before these moons were visited by spacecraft, astronomers expected them to be boring, dead objects devoid of any geologic features. We now know they are fantastic worlds – with features unlike anything seen on Earth: giant sulfur-spewing volcanoes, globally cracked ice-covered surfaces, liquid lakes of hydrocarbons, and colossal watery plumes. Yet many of these worlds are also earthlike and familiar. Titan, the giant moon of Saturn, has often been called an Earth in deep freeze, with cloud systems, lakes, shorelines, drainage fields and even perhaps rain.”
NASA Study Shows Titan and Early Earth Atmospheres Similar
“Organic haze in the atmosphere of Saturn’s moon, Titan, is similar to haze in early Earth’s air — haze that may have helped nourish life on our planet– according to a NASA Astrobiology Institute study released Nov. 6, 2006.”
“Earth-like atmosphere and geology. Titan is the only known moon with a fully developed earth-like atmosphere that consists of more than just trace gases. The atmosphere is 98.4 percent nitrogen – the only dense, nitrogen-rich atmosphere in the solar system aside from the Earth’s – with the remaining 1.6 percent composed of methane and trace amounts of other gases such as hydrocarbons.”
“Titan is most akin to Jupiter’s moon Callisto, if Callisto had weather,” Moore added. “Every feature we have seen on Titan can be explained by wind, rain, and meteorite impacts, rather than from internal heating.”
Neptune Captured Triton:
Only large moon in the solar system that’s in retrograde orbit presents obvious evidence.
“Scientists believe Triton was gravitationally captured after it formed. Evidence of this is its retrograde motion, the fact that it keeps the same face toward the planet, and its 21 degree tilt of the orbital plane from the equatorial plane. This tilt, along with the tilt of Neptune itself, results in very interesting atmospheric characteristics on Triton.”
“The pink hue of Neptune’s largest moon, Triton, is thought to result from a slowly evaporating layer of nitrogen ice. Triton is an oddity among moons in that its orbit is highly tilted to the plane of Neptune’s equator, and it is in a retrograde orbit. These facts have led scientists to believe that Triton formed independently of Neptune and was later captured by Neptune’s gravity.”
Intriguing Galilean Satellites:
“Io is the most geologically active body in the
Solar System, and though it is less than a third of Earth’s
size, it generates twice as much heat as the Earth.”
“Europa is a rocky object of radius 1565 km (slightly smaller than Earth s moon) and has an outer shell of water composition estimated to be of order 100 km thick, the surface of which is frozen. The total volume of water is about 3 x 10(exp 9) cubic kilometers, or twice the amount of water on Earth.”
“Callisto is the most heavily cratered object in the solar system.”
“Ganymede is the largest satellite in our solar system. It is larger than Mercury and Pluto, and three-quarters the size of Mars. If Ganymede orbited the sun instead of orbiting Jupiter, it would easily be classified as a planet.”
“Jupiter, the most massive planet in our solar system — with dozens of moons and an enormous magnetic field — resembles a star in composition, but it did not grow big enough to ignite. The planet’s swirling cloud stripes are broken by storms, the most massive being the Great Red Spot, which has raged for hundreds of years.”
“The spot, which is a cold region averaging about 110 Kelvin (minus 260 degrees Fahrenheit) is so wide about three Earths could fit inside its boundaries.
Jupiter’s atmosphere has a zig-zag pattern of twelve jet streams which make up its signature pastel-toned bands. Earth, by comparison, has only two jet streams. The Great Red Spot is sandwiched between two of these jets streams, forcing the winds that power those perimeter winds to deflect around the spot.
Spacecraft observations of the way bands of high winds scream past the Red Spot show how the spot — inaccurately described as a storm — is actually far calmer at its center than other parts of the Jovian atmosphere. The winds at the center are just 9 or 10 miles per hour, whereas around the perimeter they exceed 200 miles per hour.”
“One of the most intriguing findings shows the most intense orange-red central part of the spot is about 3 to 4 Kelvin (5 to 7 degrees Fahrenheit) warmer than the environment around it, said Leigh Fletcher, the lead author of the paper, who completed much of the research as a postdoctoral fellow at JPL and is currently a fellow at the University of Oxford in England. This temperature differential might not seem like a lot, but it is enough to allow the storm circulation, usually counter-clockwise, to shift to a weak clockwise circulation in the very middle of the storm.”
Evidence of Subsurface Oceans:
“1979–2000 — Using data from the Voyager and Galileo spacecraft, scientists gather strong evidence of an ocean beneath the icy crust of Europa; Galileo data indicate oceans within Ganymede and Callisto.”
“The interiors of Io, Europa, and Ganymede have a layered structure (as does Earth). Io has a core, and a mantle of at least partially molten rock, topped by a crust of solid rock coated with sulfur compounds. Europa and Ganymede each have an iron-rich core; a rock envelope around the core; a thick, soft ice layer; and a thin crust of impure water ice. Layering at Callisto is less well defined and appears to be mainly a mixture of ice and rock. Like Europa, Ganymede and Callisto have oceans, but they are deeper and less accessible than Europa’s, and sandwiched between ice layers rather than in contact with their mantles”
“Cassini’s detection of large tides on Titan leads to the almost inescapable conclusion that there is a hidden ocean at depth,” said Luciano Iess, the paper’s lead author and a Cassini team member at the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy. “The search for water is an important goal in solar system exploration, and now we’ve spotted another place where it is abundant.”
“Earlier models had suggested an ocean exists on Triton, but they were quite simplistic. Saswata Hier-Majumder of the University of Maryland in College Park, and his student Jodi Gaeman, have now developed a more detailed model that considers both radioactive decay of core minerals and the orbital interactions that would have heated the moon.”
“But there must have been water, and plenty of it, in Mars’s past. That is evident from the massive outflow channels that are found, mostly, in the northern lowlands. The intensity of the floods that carved these channels was tremendous, perhaps reaching discharge rates as high as 10,000 times that at which the Mississippi, when flooded, pours into the Gulf of Mexico.
What caused these giant floods? Was it a climate change, perhaps brought about by a change in Mars’s orbit? Or was the planet’s own internal heat responsible? And, whatever mechanism caused the floods in the first place, where has all that water gone? Was it absorbed into the ground where it remains today, frozen? Or did it dissipate into the Martian atmosphere, where it was subsequently lost to space? No-one knows for certain the answers to these questions.”
“And if these vexing problems weren’t enough, recent images from MOC reveal a startling new puzzle. In nearly a dozen different locations on Mars – all of them far from the equator – there are signs that water has been seeping out of the walls of valleys and craters, forming small gullies. Some scientists speculate that this activity is very recent, perhaps occurring within the past 10 years; others say 10 million years is more likely.
Yet many aspects of these seepage gullies defy common sense. “They sure look like water-worn features,” says Mike Carr, “but they seem to contradict what we know about the stability of water.” They occur not only in the coldest regions on Mars, but on slopes facing away from the Sun, where the temperature rarely gets above minus 50 degrees Centigrade. Yet the water appears to be seeping out from only 100 meters below the surface, a depth at which scientists previously believed Mars’s crust to be frozen solid. Scientists are busily working to devise an explanation for this phenomenon.
Above: Martian gullies in Newton Crater. Scientists hypothesize that liquid water burst out from underground, eroded the gullies, and pooled at the bottom of this crater as it froze and evaporated.”
[Orbital Velocity (km/s);Mars 24.1 -- Earth 29.8 -- Venus 35.0 -- Mercury 47.9]
Indicates that as an inner planet’s orbit approaches the Sun, its orbital velocity increases.
Inner Planets Correlation of Orbital Period to Diameter:
The orbital period of Mars is 686.98 days, divide that by Earth’s orbital period of 365.25 days and the ratio is 1.88. Compare this to the radius of Earth to Mars:
Equatorial radius (km); Earth 6,378.1/Mars 3,396.2 = 1.87 and Polar radius (km); Earth 6,356.8/Mars 3,376.2 = 1.88
There is an undeniable correlation of those planets orbital period to their size. This same correlation is similar but not as precise with Venus to Mercury:
Orbital period; Venus 224.7/Mercury 87.9 = 2.55 and Radius(km); Venus 6,051.8/Mercury 2,439.7 = 2.48
These ratios indicate that as Mars orbit approaches the habitable zone it will expand as its sea floor eventually spreads. Also as Venus orbit approaches the Sun the planet will deteriorate and become like Mercury.
This same principle does not apply with Earth in relation to Venus or Mercury which indicates that Earth is currently locked inside the habitable zone.
(Values for orbital periods, orbital velocity, and radius from nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov)
Logan Patrik Madaras
*A Planet Infowars Original Discovery
Expect a continuation of evidence to be published in new articles