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The Ardent Issue of Fresh Water Deficiency

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August 8, 2017 in Activism

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In the first world, fresh clean water is taken for granted because it is something that has always been there. Unfortunately, this is not quite the case any longer, as the world’s fresh water reserves are beginning to shrink down significantly. In fact, the UN reports that almost 1.2 billion people are already living in areas where fresh water deficiency is becoming notable.
Moreover, there are another 1.6 billion people who face a permanent struggle with getting fresh water, which is caused by economic factors. A solid infrastructure is crucial for accessing certain resources of fresh water, but when this proves to be far too expensive for impoverished areas, the effect remains that the people cannot access the water, even when a source is available.
The causes that led to the current deficiency of fresh water are complex. Climate change plays a very important role, as it affects the natural cycle of water. We live in a world where only 2% of the waters are fresh. This means that in the long run, we cannot afford to have polar ice, which is a source of fresh water, melting into the sea and turning into salty water.

Another important factor that has had a notable contribution to the current state of fresh water scarcity is agriculture. While the enormous proportions of this industry may not be so obvious, bear in mind that it must sustain the food requirements for people, as well as the farming and food production sector, which is a gargantuan industry in itself.
While fresh water deficiency may not seem like an immediate concern, its consequences are vast enough to shape the future of humanity.
Water is primordial for life, which will make it more valuable than diamonds and gold in the event of a dire shortage. This will inevitably lead to the immediate increase of global conflict because water will become the universal priority.
Until the war for water breaks out, the planet facing fresh water scarcity will face significant food shortages, precisely because water is one of the central elements of the agriculture and farming business. Furthermore, a lack of water on an extended scale will lead directly to bacterial outbreaks that will be almost impossible to contain.

Given such a global context, the worldwide economic and technical development will be crippled down to emergency measures, which will affect the booming tech progress that has characterized the first part of this century.
And it might appear that this worldwide desert scenario is something that could materialize in the distant future, but according to the United Nations, it may be knocking on our doors far sooner than we have ever thought. The UN has estimated that by 2030, half of the world’s population will live in areas of high water stress.
Considering that this will set the wheels in motion for the grim future that we have described above, it is absolutely paramount that fresh water scarcity be dealt with as soon as possible. And while minimizing the effects of climate change is a global goal in its own, the issue of fresh water deficiency should become one as well.

Adapting current agricultural processes to save water is absolutely crucial for delaying the effects of fresh water scarcity. According to British water conservation group Waterwise, only water sprinklers used for architectural gardening use 265 gallons of water an hour. They promote water saving practices that could contribute to preserving the fresh water supply that we currently have access to.
But turning off the tap while brushing your teeth may not be enough to make a difference at this point. It is essential that the big consumers, such as the agriculture and farming industries change their process to one that shares this goal.

Rainwater harvesting could be introduced as part of the agricultural process because it could save up an impressive amount of fresh water. Rain water can be collected in specializes tanks and then used later on instead of fresh water or it can even be used actively by applying the right technology.
For instance, rain water falling on roofs can be directed to a collection surface, stored, and then used for the sprinkling system for a garden. This process can be easily adapted for larger scale agricultural sites and it would make a remarkable difference in the years to come.

To sum up, fresh water deficiency is a neglected global issue that must be dealt with immediately because its effects will affect the world in a very big way. Dealing with climate change and adapting current agricultural and farming techniques to delay fresh water scarcity is absolutely crucial for a tomorrow that we can all live in.

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